2017 GMP N. Chomsky

2017 GOLD MEDAL OF PHILOLOGY
 

The Congress 2016 is proud to announced that the winner of the Gold Medal of Philology in memory of Alfred Nobel 2017 is professor Noam Chomsky (Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA).

 

Noam  Chomsky is credited with inaugurating the 'cognitive revolution'. He is largely responsible for establishing the field as a formal, natural science, moving it away from the procedural form of structural linguistics that was dominant during the mid-20th century. As such, he has become known as "the father of modern linguistics".

The basis to Chomsky's linguistic theory is rooted in bio linguistics, holding that the principles underlying the structure of language are biologically determined in the human mind and hence genetically transmitted. He therefore argues that all humans share the same underlying linguistic structure, irrespective of sociocultural differences. In adopting this position, Chomsky rejects the radical behaviorist psychology of B.F. Skinner which views the mind as a tabula rasa ("blank slate") and thus treats language as learned behavior. Accordingly, he argues that language is a unique evolutionary development of the human species and is unlike modes of communication used by any other animal species. Chomsky's nativist, internalist view of language is consistent with the philosophical school of 'rationalism', and is contrasted with the anti-nativist, externalist view of language, which is consistent with the philosophical school of 'empiricism'

 


BIBLIOGRAPHY
  • — (1951). Morphophonemics of Modern Hebrew (Master's thesis). University of Pennsylvania.
  • — (Sep 1953). "Systems of Syntactic Analysis" (PDF)The Journal of Symbolic Logic18 (3): 242–256. doi:10.2307/2267409. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-03-08.
  • — (Jan 1955). "Logical Syntax and Semantics: Their Linguistic Relevance" (PDF)Language31 (1): 36–45. doi:10.2307/410891. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-01-31.
  • (1955). Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory(A typescript Chomsky wrote in preparation for his PhD thesis, including hand-written notes made in preparation for the 1975 book, is available as a 149 MiB919 page PDF.)
  • — (Jun 1955). Transformational Analysis (Ph.D.). University of Pennsylvania.
  • —; Halle, MorrisLukoff, Fred (11 October 1956). "On Accent and Juncture in English". In Halle, Morris; Lunt, Horace; McLean, Hugh; van Schooneveld, Cornelis. For Roman Jakobson. Essays on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday. The Hague: Mouton. pp. 65–80.
  • — (1956). "Three models for the description of language" (PDF)IRE Transactions on Information Theory (PGIT)2: 113–124. doi:10.1109/tit.1956.1056813. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-09-19.
  • — (1957). Syntactic Structures. The Hague: Mouton. ISBN 3-11-017279-8.
  • —; George A. Miller (1957). Pattern Conception (Technical report). ASTIA. Document AD110076.
  • —; George A. Miller (1958). "Finite State Languages" (PDF)Inform. and Control1: 91–112. doi:10.1016/s0019-9958(58)90082-2.
  • — (1959). "On Certain Formal Properties of Grammars" (PDF)Information and Control2: 137–167. doi:10.1016/s0019-9958(59)90362-6.
  • — (1959). "A Note on Phrase Structure Grammars" (PDF)Information and Control2: 393–395. doi:10.1016/s0019-9958(59)80017-6.
  • — (1961). "On the Notion ``Rule of Grammar". Proc. 12th Symp. Applied Math. Am. Math. Soc. pp. 6–24. — Proceedings as E-Book
  • — (1962). Context-Free Grammars and Pushdown Storage (Technical report). M.I.T. Research Laboratory of Electronics. 65.
  • — (1962). "The Logical Basis for Linguistic Theory". Proc. 9th Int. Cong. Linguists Cambridge/MA.
  • —; George A. Miller (1963). "Introduction to the Formal Analysis of Natural Languages". In R.R. Bush and E. Galanter and R.D. Luce. Handbook of Mathematical Psychology2. Wiley. pp. 269–321.
  • —; Marcel-Paul Schützenberger (1963). P. Braffort and D. Hirschberg, ed. The algebraic theory of context free languages (PDF). Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics. North Holland. pp. 118–161.
  • — (1964). Current Issues in Linguistic Theory. The Hague: Mouton.
  • — (1965). Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge: The MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-53007-4.
  • — (1965). Cartesian Linguistics. New York: Harper and Row. (Reprint: — (1986). Cartesian Linguistics. A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought. Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.)
  • (1966). Topics in the Theory of Generative Grammar.
  • (1968) with Morris Halle. The Sound Pattern of English. New York: Harper & Row.
  • (1968). Language and Mind.
  • (1971). The Case Against B.F. Skinner. New York Review of Books, December 30, 1971.[1]
  • (1972). Studies on Semantics in Generative Grammar.
  • (1975). The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory.
  • — (1975). Reflections on Language. New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-394-49956-5.
  • (1977). Essays on Form and Interpretation.
  • (1979). Morphophonemics of Modern Hebrew.
  • (1980). Language and Learning: The Debate between Jean Piaget and Noam Chomsky (edited by Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  • (1980). Rules and Representations.
  • (1981). Lectures on Government and Binding: The Pisa Lectures. Holland: Foris Publications. Reprint. 7th Edition. Berlin and New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1993.
  • (1982). Some Concepts and Consequences of the Theory of Government and Binding.
  • (1982). Language and the Study of Mind.
  • (1982). Noam Chomsky on The Generative Enterprise, A discussion with Riny Huybregts and Henk van Riemsdijk.
  • (1984). Modular Approaches to the Study of the Mind.
  • (1986). Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin, and Use.
  • (1986). Barriers. Linguistic Inquiry Monograph Thirteen. Cambridge, MA and London: The MIT Press.
  • (1987). Language in a Psychological Setting. Tokyo: Sophia University.
  • (1988). Language and Problems of Knowledge: The Managua Lectures. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • (1988). Language and Politics. Montreal: Black Rose Books.
  • (1993). Language and Thought.
  • (1995). The Minimalist Program. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  • (1998). On Language.
  • (2000). New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind.
  • (2000). The Architecture of Language (Mukherji, et al., eds.).
  • (2001). On Nature and Language (Adriana Belletti and Luigi Rizzi, ed.).
  • (2004). The Generative Enterprise Revisited: Discussions with Riny Huybregts, Henk van Riemsdijk, Naoki Fukui, and Mihoko Zushi, with a new foreword by Noam Chomsky. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
  • (2009). Of Minds and Language: A Dialogue with Noam Chomsky in the Basque Country (edited by Massimo Piattelli-Palmarini, Juan Uriagereka, and Pello Salaburu). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • (2012) with James McGilvray. The Science of Language. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-60240-3.

Politics

Some of the books and articles are available for viewing online.[2]